The resolution when video games are drawn on the screen has continued to improve as hardware advances. High-definition images have been demanded, and in recent years, 4K-compatible equipment has also become widespread, and equipment that steps into 8K areas with high resolution has appeared. Overseas media Ars Technica has composed analysis that responds to the question, “How much benefits are high resolution?”
What is resolution
The resolution shows the fineness of the screen display. For example, monitors with a resolution of 1920 x 1080 are generally popular for PCs. This figure indicates how much pixels (pixels) the screen are composed. In other words, the monitor with a resolution of 1920 × 1080 represents the screen with 1920 pieces side by side and 1080 vertically. The higher the resolution and density, the higher the screen looks. On the other hand, if you approach low resolution or large displays, you will see pixels independently. This is because each pixel is larger depending on the display area, and the gap between pixels becomes wider. When this independence is recognized, humans feel that the displayed video is rough. The roughness that you feel when you play low-resolution videos is also due to the enlarged and displayed pixels.
In recent years, resolution has been improved. The number of monitors and TVs that support resolutions 4K (3840 x 2160) are also popular, and the number of equipment that can output 4K resolution on home game consoles and PC side is increasing. In addition, 8K (7680 x 4320, etc.) compatible displays that enable high-resolution drawing are also available, and high-definition images are pursued. PlayStation 5 plans to support 8K resolution in the future, and NVIDIA, which is familiar with gamers GPUs, has also appealed to 8K HDR resolution. However, what is worrisome here is, “How much high resolution is needed for human eyes?”
Is 8k necessary
In conclusion, “8K is basically not necessary.” According to the analysis of RTINGS.com, an overseas home appliance review site, it seems that 8K resolution contributes to “good image quality”. As an example, when viewing a 35V TV at a distance of 0.6 meters, there is a benefit of 4K or more. In other words, if there is a 4K and 8K display in a 35V size, comparing it from the distance of 0.6 meters, it can be understood for some people.
However, the 35V type is about 77cm in width and 43cm in height. It is no longer the dimension of the top plate of a small desk. When I thought a paper bag of the size that was close to the actual size as a display, I simulated a 0.6-meter view distance, and it was likely that I had to swing my head quite a bit. If you work or games in this environment, you will surely break your neck or eyes. On the other hand, when viewing a little away from a distance of 1.2 meters, a 65V or higher display is required to recognize the difference between 4K and 8K. In the 65V type, the width of the display portion is 143 cm and the height is 80cm. In apartments and apartment housing, it is a size that seems to be too much.
It is important to note that depending on the size of the display, the appropriate viewing distance changes. Watching a large screen at a short distance is not a comfortable environment for humans. The American Movie Television Engineers Association states that the appropriate viewing distance is that the display accounts for at least 30 degrees in the horizontal viewing angle. Also, when seeking an experience like a movie theater, it seems that about 40 degrees is a guide. According to this standard, the appropriate viewing distance of the 65V display is 1.8 meters to 2.4 meters. The layout that can be relaxed by keeping this viewing distance will be limited to the living room. As an example, when measured in my own room environment, the distance of 1.8 meters from the monitor was in a closet. In any case, there is a great deal of concern that the 8K display will be over-spec in a general living environment in Japan.
In addition, when viewing a 65V display at a viewing distance of 1.8 meters to 2.4 meters, 8K resolution is not usually required. In the case of a person with a visual acuity of 1.0, the difference of less than one-minute (1 minute) at a viewing angle cannot be determined. In other words, if you calculate roughly, a display that fills 30 degrees in the horizontal view angle will not be able to determine more details in the first place if the horizontal resolution is 1800. Therefore, the display is 4K (3840 x 2160) resolution, and it is more than enough for many people. If you have more than 1.0 eyesight or want to approach the monitor and watch it, the situation will change, but they are rare cases.
4K benefits are susceptible
On the other hand, if you switch from a monitor with 1080p (1920 x 1080) to 4K, you can feel the difference. For example, in a general 24V monitor, it seems that 4K resolution can benefit from around 0.9 meters of viewing distance with a visual acuity of 1.0. Isn’t this viewing environment applied to many people? To summarize a series of analysis, the 4K is enough resolution that matches the “spec” of the human eye. The benefits of 8K will be demonstrated in limited cases, such as those who have good visual acuity with large monitoring.
Nevertheless, there are fields that benefit from 8K and even higher resolution. VR device. In VR, there is a display at a close range of the eyes, so that the human vision is widened. Unlike the normal display you see away, you need high resolution and pixel density. High resolution technology will be more and more expensive in such areas. After that, I would like to hope that 4K gaming monitors will be a little easier to seek.